The fractal is a geometric figure that is repeated in the same way at different scales. This definition does not exclude the possibility of finding distinct figures in the fractal (during magnification). The Mandelbrot set is one of these.
Benoit Mandelbrot's definition
Is defined as fractal if the Hausdorff-Besicovich dimension is greater than the topological dimension.
The formula to calculate the Hausdorff-Besicovitch dimension is:
Where N is the total size of the fractal and l is a measure of the facet.
Example
Let's take the Von Koch's curve
We set: I_{t}=0 | We set: I_{t}=1 |
NB: I_{t} mean "iteration"
Have you noticed? The size of the second figure has increased and measures units.
As the iteration increases, the size of the figure will increase up to .
Applying the fractal dimension the result is: .
Calculating the properties of logarithms, il risultato è: .
By simplifying the fraction:
This is the Hausdoff's dimension of Von Koch's Curve.
Conclusions
This definition restricts very much the concept of fractal. Orbit fractals, for example, are excluded from this definition.
Today, fractal scientists are still finding an appropriate definition of fractal.